Many photographers today want to know how to take macro pictures, thanks to a growing number of beautiful images online of small plants, animals, and insects. Macro photography is not always easy, especially for beginners, but it is one of the most rewarding genres of photography you can do. With the right skills, you will be able to capture amazing images even in your own backyard. To learn macro photography from start to finish, you should begin by reading the tips and techniques in this guide, taught by an award-winning macro photographer exhibited at the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History. By the end, you will know exactly how to put these recommendations into practice and capture stunning macro photographs for yourself.
Before anything else, if you’re more of a visual learner, you may want to watch the following video we created to introduce macro photography. It covers many of the same topics as this article, although some sections have been shortened for the sake of video length:
Macro photography is close-up photography of small subjects, including things like bugs and flowers. You can take macro pictures in a studio or outdoor environment so long as you are magnifying your subject sufficiently.
Officially, you may hear that macro photography only happens when you take pictures of small subjects with a magnification of “life size” or greater. I will cover more about the meaning of magnification and life-size in a moment, but essentially it means that you must take pictures where your subject is the same size as your camera sensor or smaller, and it fills the frame. (So, if your camera sensor is one inch wide, you would be photographing something 1 inch or smaller.)
That is a very strict definition, and frequently you will hear photographers call an image “macro” even when it shows a slightly larger subject. The same is true of the photos in this article, many of which do not fit this technical definition, but they are close-up photographs nevertheless.
Introducing Macro Photography for Beginners
How do you take macro photos? Here are the most important steps:
- Understand macro photography terminology.
- Pick the right camera and lens equipment.
- Get enough depth of field.
- Pick camera and flash settings for a well-lit photo.
- Focus on the most important part of your subject.
- Learn the common behaviors of various insects.
- Compose and take your picture.
Some of these are harder to do than you might think, such as getting enough depth of field and focusing on the most important part of your subject. However, the tips in the rest of this macro photography tutorial will give you a good idea of where to begin, and you should be able to master everything with a bit of practice.
What Is Magnification?
In macro photography, it is important to know how large or small your subject appears on your camera sensor. Comparing this number versus your subject’s size in the real world gives you a value known as your magnification.
If that ratio is simply one-to-one, your subject is said to be at “life size” magnification. For example, if you’re photographing something that is one centimeter in length, and it is projected exactly one centimeter onto your camera sensor, it is at life size (regardless of the size of your camera sensor).
Typical sensors in DSLRs and mirrorless cameras range from about about 17 millimeters to 36 millimeters across. So, a 1 cm subject is pretty big by comparison, taking up a significant portion of your photo. If you end up making a large print, that tiny object will appear huge – potentially billboard sized!
To make things easier to understand and compare, macro photographers use an actual ratio rather than always saying “life size” or “half life size.” Specifically, life size is 1:1 magnification. Half life size is 1:2 magnification. Once you get to about one-tenth of life size, you arguably are not doing close-up or macro photography any more.
Good macro lenses let you shoot at 1:1 magnification, and some specialized options do even more than that. (Canon has a macro photography lens that goes all the way to 5:1, or 5x magnification, which is insane!) However, other lenses on the market called “macro” may only go to 1:2 magnification or even less. Personally, my recommendation is to get a lens that can go to at least 1:2 magnification, and ideally 1:1 magnification, if you want as much flexibility as possible.
What Is Working Distance?
Working distance is easy: It’s the distance between the front of your lens and your nearest subject. If your working distance is too small, you might end up scaring your subject or blocking the light simply because you are too close. Ideally, you will want a working distance of six inches (15 centimeters), with the best case scenario being twice that or more.
The working distance of a lens is smallest at 1:1 magnification, since you obviously must be as close as possible to your subject to capture such extreme photos. Also, lenses with a longer focal length have more working distance than lenses with a more moderate focal length. For example, the Nikon 200mm f/4 and the Canon 180mm f/3.5 are two examples of macro photography lenses with large working distances. By comparison, the Nikon 60mm f/2.8 macro lens has much less working distance.
It is always best to look for a lens with the largest possible working distance so that you are less likely to scare your subject or cast a shadow on it. However, macro lenses with a longer focal length like 180mm or 200mm are generally more expensive. If you want to balance price and working distance, consider a lens in the range of 100mm to 150mm. Personally, I use a 105mm macro lens.
5 Quick Honey-Based Drinks To Boost Immunity
Honey has a long standing reputation of having medicinal properties which are excellent for both immunity Immunity has been one of the most-searched keywords on the internet since last few months. With the ongoing pandemic and extreme weather conditions, it has become all the more…
10 Best Beverages to Cool You Down
We bring you 10 amazing beverages you can try without compromising on any fasting rules and that will also cool you down in this hot weather. 1.Mint Lassi Feeling drained out because of your daily fasting routine? Try this yogurt based drink loaded with the…
A Vegan Feast from Southern Italy
For the third of our four-part series on Italian cooking, we eschew heavy meat and dairy in favor of simple, fresh abundance. All of today’s recipes ” the third of our four-part series on Italian feasting ” are cheap, and vegan. Perhaps you think that…
12 Best Italian Food Recipes
Here are our 12 best Italian recipes that includes Italian veg dishes, Italian pasta recipes, Italian pizza recipes, Italian salad, Italian desserts and Italian bread recipe. Go on and try, you know you can’t resist! Best Italian Recipes- Italian food is one of the few…
Soya Chunks: benefits and easy recipes
Everything you need to know about Soya Chunks Soya has become one of the most controversial food items these days. Is it rich in omega 3 or it is loaded with estrogen? Various concerns regarding some soy products have surfaced in the recent years, thus…
Cypress Gardens Had Been Florida’s Most Popular Tourist Destination
Likewise during the 1940s, the Popes propelled the recreation center’s water ski appear. Known for its exactness entertainers, Cypress Gardens got known as the water ski capital of the world. In light of the prominence of its three interesting attractions—the nurseries, southern beauties, and the…
AWESOME TRAVELING THINGS TO DO IN NAPLES
Trip to the volcano Mount Vesuvius, in Naples, Italy Mount Vesuvius has a brooding presence in Naples – wherever you go, you can’t miss its iconic flat top, which glows rust red at sunset and dominates the coastline. There are plenty of organized tours up…
Spotlight on Chingay: Singapore’s largest street parade
Lights, camera, more lights…and ACTION! Chingay, Singapore’s multinational extravaganza, is Asia’s largest street performance and float parade. Held during the city-state’s Chinese New Year celebrations, it has captivated audiences since 1973. With its growing popularity, numerous complementary events have also sprung up, so there’s more…
Parkrun: free, fun and a new way to inspire travel
Free, and open to everyone, parkrun has gripped millions across the globe since its inception in 2004. So much so that every Saturday morning there are now some 250,000 people eagerly lined up to start their timed 5km run in more than 1700 different locations across 23…
Chilean Island Is Home to Colorful Houses, Stunning Scenery,
Chile is famous for its varied landscapes, from the cracked, dry sands of the Atacama Desert to the snow-capped peaks and turquoise lakes of Patagonia. But it’s off the lanky country’s southern coast (and just a short two-hour flight from Santiago) that you’ll find a…